Teacher Education

Teacher Education Courses- All you Need to Know about Courses

The tactics and strategies needed to handle, manage, and successfully instruct pupils so they can learn and understand more are taught to people in teacher training programmes who want to pursue careers in education.

After receiving your 12th grade diploma, you can enrol in a variety of teacher training programmes. The most well-liked programmes in this field include BEd, BElEd, JBT, and DElEd. They may be transient, permanent, online, offline, or a hybrid of the two. Depending on the course, the teaching methodology may change, but the objective—to train instructors and aid in their skill development—remains the same. As new techniques and technology emerge, the curriculum may also frequently alter.

Types of Teacher Training Courses

There are four different types of teacher training courses. Here are some details regarding the prerequisites, length, and popular but equally important sorts of teacher training courses:

Certificate Courses in Teacher Training

The Certificate programmes in Teacher Training are shown in the table below.

Course Annual Fees Duration
BTC (Basic Training Certificate)
INR 8,000 – INR 1,30,000
2 years
PTC (Primary Teachers Certificate)
INR 8,000 – INR 1,30,000
2 years
TTC (Teachers Training Certificate)
INR 1000 – INR 2000
2 years
DED (Diploma in Education)
INR 15,000 – INR 70,000
2 years

Types of Teacher Training Courses

There are four different types of teacher training courses. Here are some details regarding the prerequisites, length, and popular but equally important sorts of teacher training courses:

Certificate Courses in Teacher Training

The table below represents the Certificate courses in Teacher Training.

Course Annual Fees Duration
BTC (Basic Training Certificate)
INR 8,000 – INR 1,30,000
2 years
PTC (Primary Teachers Certificate)
INR 8,000 – INR 1,30,000
2 years
TTC (Teachers Training Certificate)
INR 1000 – INR 2000
2 years
DED (Diploma in Education)
INR 15,000 – INR 70,000
2 years

Diploma Courses in Teacher Training

The list below includes some of the diploma programmes available for teacher training.

Course Annual Fees Duration
ETT (Elementary Teacher Training)
INR 4,000 - INR 2,00,000
2 years
NTT (Nursery Teacher Training)
INR 8000
1 year
JBT (Junior Basic Training)
INR 1,000 - INR 2,00,000
2 years
INR 5,000 - INR 80,000
2 years
INR 50,000 - INR 2,00,000
1 year

Undergraduate Courses in Teacher Training

The below table represents UG courses for Teacher Training.

Course Annual Fee Duration
INR 20,000 - INR 1,50,000
4 years
INR 10,000 - INR 60,000
3-4 years
INR 1,00,000
2 Years

Postgraduate Courses in Teacher Training

The table below illustrates PG courses for Teacher Training.

Course Annual Fees Duration
INR 10,000 - INR 50,000
2 years
MPhil in Education
INR 4,000 - INR 80,000
1 year
MSc Education
INR 40,000 - INR 80,000
2-6 years
MA Education
INR 700 - INR 80,000
2 years

Online Teacher Training Courses

Online credentials are offered by renowned learning platforms like Coursera, Udemy, FutureLearn, and others. The course descriptions for a handful of the courses are listed below.

Teacher Training Courses Entrance Exams

Some of the entrance exams candidates must pass before applying for admission to any teacher training programme are listed below.

D.El.Ed. Entrance Exam

The Education and State Boards provide a test once a year to determine whether an applicant is qualified for this diploma programme. An individual can submit an application for admission to the programme if they pass the exam.

Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET)

The Central Board of Secondary Education administers the CTET, a nationwide entrance exam. This test is given twice annually to find qualified teachers for grades I through VIII. There are two tiers of CTET exams:

Level 1 to teach grades 1 to 5
Level 2 to teach grades 6 to 8

Teacher Eligibility Test (TET)

TET Exam is held in 3 levels:

Level 1 for teaching classes 1 to 5 (PRT) level

Level 2 for teaching classes 6 to 8 (TGT) level

Level 3 for postgraduate teaching (PGT) level


The UP Basic Education Board administers the UP BTC Test, often known as the UP D.EL.Ed, a two-year curriculum for preparing teachers. For jobs as instructors, student counsellors, tutors, and assistant teachers, the exam identifies competent applicants. Applicants may apply if they have passed their 10+2 or equivalent exam from a recognised board with at least a 50% grade.

Teacher Training Course Syllabus

Each college has its own unique curriculum for the subject. The two-year elementary teacher preparation programme is organised into four semesters and has the following course outline:

Year 1 Year 2
Principles of Education
Population Education
Educational Psychology
Special Education
Sociology of Education
Health Education
Fundamentals of Teaching
Human Rights Education
The Methodology of Teaching Languages
Guidance and Counselling
The Methodology of Teaching Mathematics
Educational Technology
The Methodology of Teaching Science
Educational Evaluation
The Methodology of Teaching Social Science
Internship Training for a Month

How to Start your Career as Teacher

Some of the most important steps to become a teacher are listed here. To attain your goals, just adhere to these simple steps:

Earn Your Bachelor's Degree

In India, one can either start teaching after passing the 10+2 exams or while still in the exam process. To serve as a government teacher, candidates must, however, successfully complete the admissions process.

Entrance tests like CTET, TET, STET, and others are held for B.Ed. programmes. To work as a government teacher, candidates must have finished their B.Ed and started teaching in the government.

Demonstrate your basic competence

Teacher education programmes incorporate both classroom instruction and practical training.

As part of their education degree programme, candidates should take courses on managing classrooms, assessing student knowledge, creating individualised learning plans, and comprehending cultural and societal influences on the learning process.

Participate in student teaching

Aspiring teachers are paired with an experienced mentor or instructor during the student teaching programme, which can last anywhere from a few weeks to a year.

After the teacher has observed, the candidates take over the classroom (while still being closely watched), leading the scheduled lessons, monitoring student progress, and managing classroom behaviour.

Skills to Become a Teacher

To be a good teacher, you must be an effective communicator and critical thinker. In addition to them, it helps to be patient, organised, and creative.


Teachers who communicate with their students frequently and well are the most effective, thus teachers must have strong communication skills. Communication, both verbal and written, professional yet friendly body language, and the capacity to actively listen are all examples.

Critical Thinking

Teachers usually have a tight deadline and are expected to handle a variety of problems. On the spot, they reply to challenging inquiries from students, handle client issues, make changes to lesson plans, and settle workplace conflicts.


Excitement is necessary to maintain the students’ interest when teaching at any age level. When creating and delivering classes, creativity is essential if you want to keep your students’ interest. Being flexible, keeping your wits about you, and understanding that what works for one student or class might not work for another are all important.


Teachers must be patient, especially when dealing with challenging classroom settings. They frequently have to repeat lessons and control kids who act out or have difficulty in class.

Technical Skills

The subject matter that teachers are teaching must be thoroughly understood by them. While the types and degrees of expertise required for various vocations vary, even teachers of very young children need to possess a certain amount of knowledge.

Top Jobs Profiles

After completing a teaching course, there are many different employment options available because teaching incorporates some major personality traits and work ethics that are crucial for a company to function well.

Job Roles Job Description Salary
Preschool Teacher
A teacher who teaches the pre-primary section of a school and is aware of all the behaviors, and emotional and social requirements of the students of that age group.
INR 1,80,000 - 3,60,000
Curriculum Developer
A curriculum developer is a person who develops all the educational requirements for the primary class according to their cognitive development.
INR 2,50,000 - 5,00,000
The head of a library is a librarian, who keeps track of all the books, magazines, journals, and other reading materials that are maintained there.
INR 1,00,000 - 3,00,000
Primary School Teacher
a teacher who teaches up to the fifth grade in a school and is familiar with the needs of pupils in that age range.
INR 1,00,000 - 2,00,000
An expert who is considered for consultations regarding a particular course, further learning, or higher education is known as a consultant.
INR 2,00,000 - 4,00,000
Associate Education Developer
Associate Education Developer is a person who manages all the important details regarding developing educational structure and the educational institution.
INR 5,00,000 - 9,00,000
A lecturer is a person who presents lectures for a specific institute on significant subjects that are significant for a certain age group.
INR 4,00,000 - 9,00,000

Top Recruiters

The following are some of the leading employers of teachers in India, where teaching is one of the most well-liked professions:

Kendriya Vidyalaya

Public and Private schools like ICSE, IB, etc.

AICTE-approved technical universities (All India Council of Technical Education).

Defense Schools like APS, Air Force School

Private Schools such as G.D. Goenka School, and Tagore International School.

Salary of a Teacher in India

Government school teachers in India make substantially more money than private school instructors do. As new hires, teachers in central schools can expect to make between INR 3,50,000 and INR 4,00,000. In addition, government/central schools offer perks including housing allowances, paid time off, and more. In a private school, a teacher’s starting salary package ranges from INR 2,00,000 to INR 3,00,000. There are many teachers who are paid extremely handsomely to work at prominent private or foreign institutions.

Sector Wise

Organization Annual Average Salary
Private Schools
INR 2,10,000
Government Schools
INR 3,40,000

Specialization Wise

Specialization Fresher Experienced
Pre-Primary School Teacher
NIR 2,00,000
INR 3,50,000
Primary School Teacher
INR 2,30,000
INR 4,50,000
Secondary School Teacher
INR 1,63,000
INR 4,60,000
Senior Secondary School Teacher
INR 2,64,000
INR 5,00,000
Special Teacher
INR 2,20,000
INR 5,30,000
INR 4,20,000
INR 7,50,000

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